您好,欢迎访问品皓教育官网!
服务热线:18645142767
品皓专升本 > 备考锦囊
学英语必会结构短语汇总
发布:品皓教育浏览:745次时间:2022-07-06 14:51

1. 后接to do 结构

ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事

 tell sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事 

help sb. (to) do sth.协助做某事 

want sb. to do sth.想要做某事 

wish sb. to do sth. 希望做某事

invite sb. to do sth. 约请某人做某事 

drive sb. to do sth.驱使某人做某事 

expect sb. to do sth.希冀某人做某事 

forbid sb. to do sth.制止某人做某事 

force sb. to do sth.强迫某人做某事

hope to do sth.希望做某事 

offer to do sth.自动提出做某事 

plan to do sth. 方案做某事 

prepare to do sth. 预备做某事 

pretend to do sth.伪装做某事 

promise to do sth. 容许做某事 

refuse to do sth.回绝做某事 

fail to do sth. 未能做某事 

happen to do sth.碰巧做某事

need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事

need doing = need to be done. 某事需要被做 

advise sb. to do sth.建议某人做某事 

advise doing sth.建议做某事

allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

2. 后接-ing 结构

consider doing sth. 思索做某事 enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 

escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事 finish doing sth. 完成做某事 

give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 imagine doing sth. 想象做某事 

mind doing sth. 介意做某事 practice doing sth. 练习做某事 

prevent doing sth.阻止做某事 put off doing sth. 推延做某事 

risk doing sth. 冒险做某事 forbid doing sth.制止做某事 

forgive doing sth.原谅做某事

3. 其后既可接to do结构又可以接 ing结构

remember to do sth.记住去做某事,表示这件事情还没有做 

remember doing sth. 记得做过某事 forget to do sth. 忘记要去做某事(未做) 

forget doing sth.忘记做过某事(已做)

regret to do sth.遗憾地(要)做某事(还未做呢) regret doing sth.后悔做过某事(已经做过了)

try to do sth.努力做谋事,尽力做某事,但不一定成功 try doing sth. 试图做谋事

stopto do表示停止现在在做的事情,开始做另外一件事情 stop doing表示停止现在在做的事情

mean to do sth.计划做某事meandoingsth.意味着做某事 can’t help to do sth.不能协助做某 

can’t help doing sth.禁不住做某事

go on to do sth.做了一件事后)接着做另一件事 

go on doing sth.继续做原来做的事

4. 后接动词原形

let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事 make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 

make sth. done 使某事完成 have sb. do sth.使某人做某事 

have sth done 做完某事 see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事 

see sb. doing ?看人某人正在做 hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事 hear sb. doing 听见某人正在做

listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事 listen sb. doing sth 听着某人正在做 look at sb. do sth.

看着某人做某事 watch sb. do sth.察看某人做某事 feel sb. do sth. 觉得某人做某事

5. 双宾语结构

give sb. sth = give sth to sb.给某人某物 tell sb. sth = tell sth to sb. 告诉某人某事 

borrow sth from sb.向某人借某物 lend sth to sb.借某物给某人

buy sth for sb. =buy sb. sth 给某人买某物

show sb. sth=show sth to sb.向某人展示某物

6. be 动词结构

be at home = stay at home 在家 be in trouble 有麻烦 

be careful of 小心…… be late for 因……迟到 

befree 空闲的,有空 be busy doing/with sth 忙于……^ 

be covered with 被……复盖 be ready for 为……作好准备

be surprised (at) 对……感到惊讶 

be interestedin 对……感到举 be excited about 激动于 

be angry with 愤怒于 be mad at 疯狂于 

be friendly to 友好地去 be pleased with 很高兴做 

be satisfied with 对……很满意 be famous for 因……而著名 

be famous as 作为……而著名 be strict with对……严格 

be strict in 在……方面严格 be afraid of 害怕…… 

be afraid to do 害怕去做…… be glad to do 很高兴去做…… 

be good for 对……有好处 be bad for 对……有害处 

be good at = do well in 擅长 be able to do 能去做…… 

7. 固定搭配

have a lesson /a meeting上课/开会 have a try 试一试 

have a good time 玩得很高兴 havefun 玩得高兴 

have breakfast/lunch/supper吃早饭/午饭/晚饭 have a meal (three meals) 吃一顿饭

have a fever 发烧 have a cold 感冒 

have a look(at)看一看…… have a rest 休息一会儿

have a talk 谈话 have a walk =take a walk散步 

make friends (with)与……交朋友

make a living 谋生 make a mistake 犯错误 

make a sentence 造句 be made from/of 由……制成 

be made in 在……地方制造

look after =take care of 照管,照看,

look for 寻找 look like 看上去像 

look out 当心,小心 look aroud朝四周看

look at 看着…… put on 穿上(衣服),戴上(帽子) 

put up 张帖 set up 竖起,建起 

set off 出发,动身 set out 出发 

send for 派人去请 take one's advice 听从某人劝告 

take out 拿出,取出 take down 拿下 

take place 发生 take the place of 代替 

take it easy 别紧张 take away 拿走 

take off 脱下,起飞,休假 day off / have off 休假 

take photos 拍照 take some medicine 服药 

turn on开,旋开(电灯,收音机等) turn off 关上(电灯,收音机等)

turn down(把音量)调低 turn up 调高 

turn in 交出,上交 turn…into… 变成 

turn…over 把……翻过来 at once 立刻 

at last 最后 at first 起先,首先 

at the age of… 在……岁时

限额免费公开课 马上预约
让专升本不再是想想而已,你离第一本科学历只有一步之遥!
返回顶部